滋賀県は野洲市のお宅にて巻物を買い取らせていただきました。

「清明上河図」と題されたこの作品は、中国北宋の都開封の都城内外のにぎわい栄えた様子を描いた画巻であす。オリジナルは北京・故宮博物院に所蔵されており、類作も数多く伝わることからその影響力の大きさがうかがえる名作です。

北宋末期の翰林待詔(かんりんたいしょう)であり、画家としても著名であった張択端の作品とされます。清明の時節(旧暦2月後半から3月前半)の、都の東京開封府の内外の人士が行楽して繁栄する様子が描かれており、その絵画的な精細描写の価値とともに、当時の市街図や風俗図として、極めて資料的価値も高いものとして認められています。

明代以降、この画巻の名声を受けて画題や構図などを継承し、同名の画巻が数多く描かれその種はおよそ50にわたります。

本品は「中国のモナリザ」とも呼ばれ国宝として扱われる張択端のオリジナルを忠実に再現した複製の巻物です。

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We visited Kamigyo Yasu city of Shiga prefecture and purchased a scroll painting.

Titled “Along the River During the Qingming Festival (simplified Chinese: 清明上河图; traditional Chinese: 清明上河圖; pinyin: Qīngmíng Shànghé Tú)” is a painting by the Song dynasty artist Zhang Zeduan (1085–1145). It captures the daily life of people and the landscape of the capital, Bianjing, today’s Kaifeng, from the Northern Song period. The theme is often said to celebrate the festive spirit and worldly commotion at the Qingming Festival, rather than the holiday’s ceremonial aspects, such as tomb sweeping and prayers. Successive scenes reveal the lifestyle of all levels of the society from rich to poor as well as different economic activities in rural areas and the city, and offer glimpses of period clothing and architecture. The painting is considered to be the most renowned work among all Chinese paintings, and it has been called “China’s Mona Lisa.”

As an artistic creation, the piece has been revered and court artists of subsequent dynasties made re-interpretive versions, each following the overall composition and the theme of the original but differing in details and technique. Over the centuries, the Qingming scroll was collected and kept among numerous private owners, before it eventually returned to public ownership. The painting was a particular favorite of Puyi, the Last Emperor, who took the Song dynasty original with him when he left Beijing. It was re-purchased in 1945 and kept at the Palace Museum in the Forbidden City. The Song dynasty original and the Qing versions, in the Beijing and Taipei Palace Museums respectively, are regarded as national treasures and are exhibited only for brief periods every few years.